Ubeda C, et al. Entrance Surface Air Kerma In X-Ray Systems For Paediatric Interventional Cardiology: A National Survey. Radiat Protect Dosimetry. 2015 Jul;165(1-4):107-110.

The aims of this work were to report the results of a national surveyon entrance surface air kerma (ESAK) values for different phantom thicknesses and operation modes in paediatric interventional cardiology (IC) systems and to compare them with previous values. For low fluoroscopy mode (FM), ESAK rates ranged from 0.11 to 33.1 mGy min21 and for high FM from 0.34 to 61.0 mGy min21. Forcine mode, values of ESAK per frame were from 1.9 to 78.2 mGyfr21.

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